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COTTON

Cotton is a fluffy natural fiber that grows on shrubs in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The commodity is a staple in the textiles industry. Historians don’t know the precise origins of cotton, but cloth found in caves in Mexico proves that the crop was around more than 7,000 years ago. Since the Age of Antiquity, civilizations around the world have spun cotton fibers into cloth garments. However, two events in history – the Industrial Revolution in England and the invention of the cotton gin in the United States – profoundly changed the role cotton plays in world markets. These events led to widespread production of cotton garments and turned cotton into a multi-billion dollar global industry.

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